With the lowest unemployment in nearly 50 years, the need for automated bin picking is urgent. In the US, where 38% of the manufacturing labor force moves parts between bins and manufacturing machines, 500,000 jobs remain unfilled. The automation industry is trying to meet that need: every automation trade show adds a few new companies that claim to have finally solved the puzzle of bin picking. The 2018 Automatica show in Munich, for example, had no fewer than 14 bin picking demonstrations. But even at large manufacturers, few bin picking stations can be found, and at SMEs the number is close to zero. Why is the adoption rate so low, when the need is so great and so many vendors claim to offer a solution?